Read 101 article from RK Rishikesh Sinha

By RK Rishikesh Sinha, New Delhi

This is my 101 article here in this blog. I am sure many of you didn’t know my first article. The article was based on a Bishnupriya Manipuri marriage that I attended in Delhi. Call it my fate it is still my first and the last marriage I have attended yet.

Here is the first paragraph of the article – Bishnupriya Manipuri Knot

Bride and bridegroom were both anonymous and so were their parents; not because they have any reservation about their marriage itinerary would be made public, visible from any part of the world. The truth is: I don’t know the either party. Despite not knowing the actors, who were object of cynosure for all the visitors present on the fateful day, I could confidently declare that they both belongs to Bishnupriya Manipuri (BM) community.

So, how was it?
Have you read the comments?
“Hi…I’m a BM…” – Tridiv Sinha
“You have just penned down what exactly your heart felt” – Ranita Sinha

Writing the first article to this article, three long years have passed.

Do you remember what you were doing exactly three years back?
In these three years many of you might have got married, shifted couple of jobs, and have faced many challenges in your health and in your profession. But I can say one thing – What you were doing three years back, you don’t do the same things, now.

There has been a beautiful progression, isn’t?

Same here, I shifted couple of jobs, many times got bed-ridden. But the flow of articles did not stop in the blog. So, here I am writing the 101 article.

Those who have recently joined to this blog and to the online Bishnupriya Manipuri world, to them let me remind how internet world was three years back and what had taken place in this period.

First, we were orkut-centric. People were scrapping and commenting on forums. That was the life.
Second, if there was a serious debate, it was the inter-caste marriage.
Third, there were no productions of enriching articles from India.
Fourth, the concept of archiving was not there in India, though India constitutes 70 per cent of the Bishnupriya Manipuri population.
Fifth, there was a big, impenetrable digital divide. People in villages were oblivious of the activity taking place in metro. Now they receive SMS from this blog.
Sixth, fetching comments from your brethren was easy. You write and you get comments. It is different now.
Seventh, the comments used to start with something like Tridiv has done in the above article.
Eighth, feeling of camaraderie was high and new. Example: Ranita Sinha comments.
Ninth, the concept of Bishnupriya Manipuri news and views was not there.
Tenth, there was no active music and video sharing and production.

Now, you can measure the distance we have traversed in these three years. Isn’t beautiful? Yes, it has been beautiful. I say.

The new entrant Bishnupriyamanipuridot.org recently in one article released names of people who have contributed a lot to our community. Well, my name is there. I humbly accept the respect given to me. I can’t carry a high nose without dropping thanks! Thanks Henryy, Jyoti and BN Sinha.

Here, I say – there is a long way to go. Lot more things to be added more. Personally, in the journey to 101 articles I didn’t feel anything. Neither I am tired nor content with the success of the blog.

In this article you have come to know my first article. Imagine reading this article after three years. Where we will be, where this blog will be? What we all will be doing?

So, can I expect comments in this article? (I will not feel bad if you don’t comment…I am comment averse!) This is called – change, I have to ask for comments. Anyway, bye, bye.. Happy reading the next 102 article.

Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.

Subscribe:
Bishnupriya Manipuri

Producing OBC certificate made easy for people living outside parent’s state

Giving a great respite over producing caste certificate to the sons and daughters of Bishnupriya Manipuri persons who have migrated to other states for pursuing education, job etc, they can now at least heaved a sigh a relief. And parents will definitely welcome the move who go on crisis when it comes to producing caste certificates for their kin. 
Replying to a question in the Lok Sabha, Smt. Subbulakhmi Jagadeesan, the Minister of State for Social Justice and Empowerment, said it had been clarified to all state governments and Union Territory Administrations (vide letters No. BC. 16014/1/82-SC&BCD-I, dated 18.11.1982 and No. 12011/11/94-BCC (C), dated 8th April, 1994) that the prescribed authority may issue the Other Backward Class certificate to a person who has migrated from another State, on the production of a genuine certificate issued to his father/mother by the prescribed authority of the State of the father’s/mother’s origin.
The certificate will be issued irrespective of whether the caste in question is scheduled or not in relation to the State/Union Territory to which the person has migrated. 
Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.
Subscribe:

NIFT opens admission doors for Bishnupriya Manipuri students

In a decision that will open new avenues for Bishnupriya Manipuri students to pursue career in fashion technology, the Cabinet has approved implementation of OBC quota reservation in the elite institute National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Ministry of Textiles.
For the implementation of OBC quota reservation which is a statutory requirement, all the NIFT Centres will be further strengthened to accommodate increase in student intake. 
As part of the central scheme of grants to National Institute of Fashion Technology it will be implemented through 2008-2010.
National Institute of Fashion Technology was set up in 1986 under the aegis of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. It has emerged as the premier Institute of Design Management and Technology.
NIFT Centers with head office in New Delhi are also in Kolkata, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Bhopal, Chennai, Patna, Gandhinagar, Raebareli, Hyderabad, Shillong, Kannur and Mauritius (International Centre).
Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.
Subscribe:

Indian textile sector in ventilator

Reprinted by

By RK Rishikesh Sinha, New Delhi
Last year among all the sectors that were badly hit by the squeezing of the global vis-à-vis the Indian economy, it was the textile sector. Its probable impact on the sector could be gauged from the fact that the government had to send a Save-Our-Soul message to determine the impact of job loss in this sector, followed with not one but two consecutive fiscal stimulus packages. 
Its irony that this has taken place on a sector that till July, 2008 was eulogized as a “Sunrise Sector”, that will engage 17.37 million people alone up to 2012. However, coming to the end of the year 2008 it started showing the symptoms of a “Sunset” sector. 
The contribution of textile sector, according to the annual report 2007-08, is 14 per cent to industrial production, 4 per cent to the GDP, and 17 per cent to the country’s export earnings. 
The roller-coaster ride of the sector in the last fiscal came with the drastic erosion of its cost competitiveness that Indian textiles exporters had enjoyed in the US, EU and Canada, and also in the markets of U.A.E., Japan, Bangladesh and Turkey. The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) in this sector in September saw 4.9 per cent, in October it went to a negative territory registering minus 7.1 per cent. High input and transaction costs also bleed the sector profusely. 
The export basket that consists of items like cotton yarn and fabrics, man-made yarn and fabrics, wool and silk fabrics, made-ups and variety of garments, the ‘handicraft’ export dips negative 2.46 %. In the months April-May 2007 it was Rs. 812.55 crore while it was Rs. 833.05 crore in the same months in 2008. Natural silk yarn, fabrics and made-ups also registered negative 16.31 % growth from Rs 270.46 in April-May 2007 to Rs. 226.35 crore in the corresponding months in 2008. The export of textile based products in the month July-September 2008 saw 30 to 35 % dip. 
The negative growth of export in ‘handicraft’ is a matter of concern, especially for the North Eastern Region, since the area enjoys the highest concentration of handlooms in the country. According to 1995-96 Handloom Census, out of 25.4 lakh units engaged in handloom activities, 14.6 lakh units (household and non-house hold) are concentrated in Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Tripura. Of the 13.4 % contribution in the commercial looms of the country from these states, the total production of handloom fabric is merely 20 %. 
When things have been going wrong in the domestic and international markets, the condition of textile sector in the northeastern states is not away from anybody’s guess. The sector in the region has been marred with difficulties in the absorption of funds, which has been posed as a greater impediment in the way of its growth. It includes delay in submission of proposals, non release of the States governments’ share in case of Centrally Sponsored Scheme and non-submission of utilization certificates, the absence of infrastructure facilities and of credible Non Government Organisations are other problems that infest the sector, hence the exports prospect originating from the region. 
The dip in the export prospects started happening at the time when the target set for the export of textile-based product for the year 2007-08 was US $ 25.06 billion, while the actual exports performance touched US $ 22 billion, as per the provisional figures. However, there has been an increase of US $ 2.3 billion compared to the exports performance in the year 2006-07. 
On the other hand, at the import front, it was not rosy, even. The import of raw jute declined minus 26 % from Rs 16.77 crore in April-May 2007 to Rs 12.41 crore in the same months in the year 2008. Notwithstanding, investments in the sector was also badly hit; there was a 66 % decline in investments in the period April-August 2008-09, compared to 2005-06. 
The textile sector which is the largest employer in the country with more than 3.5 crore workers, in November came out with a disturbing figure that in 6 months, 7 lakh workers had lost their jobs in the contraction of the global economy that had a cascading affect on the sector. And in the next 3 months, 12 lakh more jobs will be axed, the media reported. 
The ongoing eclipse in the sector all started from the beginning of the year 2007 when Indian rupee steeply appreciated against the US dollar. Seems it was not the end of bad news for the sector, before rupee started depreciating, the prices of the cotton skyrocketed into a new height, there was price increase of over 40 % in India within a period of less than 6 months ending September 2008. Exacerbating the sector more, increase in interest rates with steep power cuts also played a pivotal role. Inflation touched 13-year high 12.01% in the week ending 26 July, and the repo rate 9 per cent.
If there was any good news that came for the Northeastern states, it came in November, with the Government’s approval of the Comprehensive Development Scheme as a Central Sector Plan Scheme during the XI Five Year Plan. Under the scheme, Sibsagar in Assam, Varanasi and Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh, and Narasapur in Andhra Pradesh, were allocated Rs.70.00 crore each to meet the changing market demand both at domestic and international market and for technology up-gradation. 
The first fiscal stimulus package declared by Government on December with slew of measures like 2% interest rate subvention in pre-and post-shipment credit for textiles up to March 31, 2009; followed by infusing Rs 1,100 crore to ensure full refund of Terminal Excise duty/CST, also failed to bail out the shrinking sector. Other measures, the allocation of Rs 350 crore each for export incentive schemes and for back-up guarantee for ECGC for exports to difficult markets/products; service tax refund on foreign agent commissions of up to 10% of FOB value of exports, also botched to revive the sector. 
According to trade bodies, both the declared packages are negligible and insufficient compared to competing countries like China and Pakistan. The two packages ignored the two-year moratorium period demand for repayment of loans, enhancement of credit limit from three months to nine months, 2% increase in the interest subvention for export credit, that the industry was hoping was not addressed. 
It has further stated that to protect the textile industry a clear cut guideline is essential for availing two year moratorium for repayment of loans, lest it should become NPAs; along with it a special package for working capital is also required to manage the abrupt increase in the minimum support price for cotton.
Note: For republication/fair use of this article, do contact at rajkumarrishi1[at]gmail.com
Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.

Do we have“Aar More Nigsing Nais” music another?

By RK Rishikesh Sinha

Are you listening to the music here in the blog? If not, hold your headphone onto your ears and start listening to the 8 ever-green songs. Plus, if you want to carry it offline, download it. No problem! 

Well, since the day the songs went live here. I see, an activity has added in my daily working. I start my office daily-chore putting off headphone and clicking on the track number 8. I find the song soothing and very near to me. It is only because I have heard people crooning this song since my early days. (It is not that other songs are not musical.)
While listening to these songs, I give a cunning smile to myself asking – Rishi you’ve changed, things have changed, see what are you doing that was not in your daily activity: listening music and that is in O-F-F-I-C-E! Yeah! Things have indeed gone transformation. I am writing this article with headphone plugged to my ears. It seems music is slowly and steadily sipping into my veins. 
Love for these songs has become so infectious that I called singer Meena Sinha not once but twice in Guwahati. Imagine, just to ask her – how is she, and how is life going on? And yes, to listen her sweet voice. I didn’t know her earlier! 
While talking to her that enveloped topics on Bishnupriya Manipuri music scenario in Guwahati or elsewhere, it came crystal clear to me that the music industry is not matured enough. It is due to lack of availability of talented people in various departments of music making business and absence of market for the musical stuff. Very serious! Very rueful!
However, something that had leased a new life in her was the news of the release of the musical album online here in the blog. The musical stuff that would have gone unnoticed for thousands of people, they can now plug in to these songs. This is what I am presently doing: headphone still stick to my ears. This definitely gives a boost in her confidence and recognition of her talent and also for the other people who are in the music fraternity. 
Now the very core question – what we can do to assuage the pain of the singers, music directors? They are talented but due to lack of enthusiasm and rock-support they are dying and sooner or later they will be added in the history (if it is recorded!). 
How can we extract their creative juice? Is “H-E-L-P” from all of us comes as the only recourse that is in our arsenal? If so, we must. And if not, then…? 
I am still listening to “Aar More Nigsing Nais music”. Do we have another one…
Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.
Subscribe:

Bishnupriya Manipuri demand introduction of language, appointment of language teachers, establishment of Devolopment Council

Bishnupriya Manipuri community raised the demand for introducing the Bishnupriya Manipuri language in the primary stage of education, appointment of Bishnupriya Manipuri language teachers and SI of schools, and establishment of Devolopment Council in Assam and Tripura.
The Nikhil Bishnupriya Manipuri Mahasabha meet was held at Kailasahar, Tripura. The 43rd conference drew participation of over 450 delegates from all across the country and also from United States, Bangladesh and Australia. 
President of the Mahasabha, Dr. Debendra Kr Sinha, inaugurated the conference by hoisting the Mahasabha flag, followed by singing of the Mahasabha song ” Joyo Joyo Mahasabha” by the artist from Sangitshri Silchar. 
The conference was attended by the Minister for Education Govt. of Tripura Sri Tapan Chakraborty, Sri Jiten Choudhury Minister for Rural Development, Sri Lakhan Kar Member Zilla Parishad and Sri Banamali Sinha, IAS Principal Secretary Govt. of Tripura.
In the opening session, Sri Jiten Choudhury appreciated the Bishnupriya Manipuri community for their tolerance and faith in democracy. 
In his speech, he said that there is no docoits and extremists in this society. 
“They are very peace loving, non-violent and culturally developed people”, he said. 
“Chowdhury expressed his support to the demands placed by the Mahasabha and assured that necessary steps will be taken for the fulfillment of their demands during appointment of teachers” as read in news web site. 
Lakshmindra Sinha, General Secretary of Nikhil Bishnupriya Manipuri Sahitya Parishad, is his speech said the main purpose of the conference is to unite the people living in various parts of the globe under one umbrella. 
A cultural evening was marked by a spectacular display of Raso dance. Renowned artist Tamanna Rahman and her troupe performance held the assembled audience simply spellbound for hours. 
Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.
Subscribe:

Mahasabha Election: Debendra Kr Sinha, Uday Sinha re-elected President, Secretary General posts

In its Platinum Jubilee of 43rd conference of Nikhil Bishnupriya Manipuri Mahasabha, held at Guldharpur, Dhadas Shreni Bidyalaya (Choudhurypara), Kailasahar, North Tripura on February 13, 14 and 15, Dr Debendra Kr Sinha as President and Uday Sinha as General Secretary have been declared elected. 
Election that took place for the formation of new executive committee of the Mahasabha, Sahitya Parishad & Sanskriti Parishad on the last day of the conference underwent under the guidance of Sri Padmasen Sinha from Bangladesh, who acted as returning officer, Sri Bhupendra Kumar Sinha the president of the Mahasabha, Assam State Committee, Sri Nilkanta Sinha, the president Mahasabha Tripura state committee. 
The names of the office-bearers in the newly formed Mahasabha are 
1. Dr Debendra Kr Sinha ,President.
2. Chandra Kanta Sinha, Working President.
3. Sundar Mukherjee. Working President.
4. Rebati Maohan Sinha……DO………
5. Padmasen Sinha…………Do……….
6. Hemkanti Sinha…………Do………..
Vice Presidents 
1. Rajendra Kr Sinha
2. Sandhya Banerjee
3. Motikanta Sinha
4. Pulin Behari Sinha
5. Krishnavallav Sinha
6. Mani Kr Sinha
7. Anil Sinha ( Gautam)
8. Haripada Sinha.( Tripura)
9. Haridas Sinha .( Tripura)
10. Paritosh Sinha ( Tripura)
11. Badal Sinha ( Japirbond)
12. Ramsena Sinha. Pune.
Secretary General – Uday Sinha
General Secretaries 
1.Dr Sushanta Sinha. Tripura. 
2. Prof Probat Sinha.
3. Dr Nirmalya Sinha, Delhi.
4. Krishnadas Sinha.
Secretaries 
1. Dhanamaoni Sinha. ( Tripura)
2. Shyamananda Sinha ( Tripura)
3. Mangal Sinha ( Tripura)
4. Henry Sinha Delhi.
5. Sushil Sinha (Bangladesh)
6. Rakesh Sinha, (Manipur)
7. Santilal Sinha, (Pratabgorh)
8. Bagindra Sinha, (Jatrapur)
9. Nirmal Kr Sinha (Meherpur)
10. Premananda Sinha (Hingala)
11. Samarjit Sinha (Guwahati)
12. Binoy Sinha (Gorerbond)
13. Ramani Sinha (Kalain)
Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.

Subscribe:

Watch video of Pt.Nilmadhab Sinha

You have read the Life History of Pt.Nilmadhab Sinha published in this blog on January 5, 2009. Now you will be watching him delivering a speech, where he as a Chief Guest graced the occasion at the Abhirbhav Tithi of Sri Sri Bhubaneshwar Sadhu Thakur organised at Shiv Mandir, New Delhi on November 2, 2008.
Though the speech is short, still one can hear him saying that the occasion, where hundreds of Bishnupriya Manipuri residing in Delhi and adjoining areas assembled, reminded of his early days.
Click Watch him.

Note: I have failed to give a finesse touch in terms of editing in this video. Quality assured, next time!

Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.

Subscribe:

Bishnupriya Manipuri

Kartik Sena Sinha – 3rd richest MLA from Assam

If Kartik Sena Sinha is not media savvy and doesn’t have any political say of his own in the Assam politics, so what? He is the 3rd richest Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) in Assam. Being a rich MLA in the Assam Assembly at least hogs media light on him. Though occasionally! And this what that came out in the India’s prestigious news magazine India Today in its February 23 cover issue (page 28) story “Assembly of the Rich”. 
Ahead of him in the crorepati bracket comes – Badruddin Ajmal of AUDF (South Salmara constituency), his net worth is Rs. 14.2 crore; second, Bithika Dev (Silchar constituency) with Rs 6.2 crore. Kartik Sena Sinha net asset is Rs. 4.5 crore.
A Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) candidate from Patherkandi constituency, Kartik Sena Sinha defeated K. M. Baharul Islam (AUDF) by a margin of 2,580 votes in the Assam Assembly election held in 2006. Among 8-candidates contesting from the LA-2 Patherkandi Assembly Constituency, he got the highest votes (37220) totaling 36.96 percentage of votes. 
Other candidates in the election fray with him were – Nandeswar Mukharjee (AGP), Monilal Gowala (INC), Moinul Haque (JD(S)), Abdul Hamid (IND), Taj Uddin (IND), Debangshu Nath (IND). 
Kartik Sinha also served as a Member in the Committee On Public Undetakings under the chairmanship of Membar Gogoi. 
Read: 

Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.
Subscribe:

A Brief History of Mahasabha from 1932 to 2009

The history of Nikhil Bishnupriya Manipuri Mahsabha or simply Mahasabha is itself synonymous with the history of the Bishnupriya Manipuri community. Its decades long history, though partially is evident of the cusp of changes the society has undergone. 

By Rebati Mohan Sinha, Mumbai

1932: 
British Government’s Franchise Committee released a notification on March 31, 1932 wherein they held Manipuris are tribal. Both Meitai Manipuri and Bishnupriya Manipuri people raised objection to this declaration and held a meeting under the banner of Surma Valley Manipuri Association on June 12, 1932 at Tarapur, Silchar, Assam.
In the meeting, Mahendra Kumar Sinha, B.A, B.T, produced certain documents showing the evidence that the Bishnupriya Manipuri people are Khastriyas, and are not tribal. Accordingly a decision was taken to submit a memorandum to the Governor. Both communities decided to send their respective delegates.
From the Bishnupriya Manipuri community, Mahendra Sinha, B.A, B.T, and Hemchandrajit Rajkumaar participated, and from Meitei Manipuri side, Raman Singha and Binay Singha.. However, due to some reasons or other the memorandum could not reach to the authorities.
Another meeting was held on September 25, 1932 at Ambikapatty, Cachar, Assam where the following decisions were taken:
(1) To place a demand for a reserved category seat in state legislative council for our backward communities.
(2) For job reservation for both the communities.
However, in that meeting Meitei Manipuris did not take part.
Later, the Government of Assam withdrew the earlier order and released a fresh order, declaring Manipuri as high caste Hindu.
The declaration was welcomed by the whole Manipuri society. A reception was also given to the concerned Government official, Commissioner, Mr. J.B Walker, I.C.S, at Bhakatpur in Kunjeshwar Sinha’s house.

1933: 

On September 30 and October 1 in the year 1933, a conference was organised at Pratapgarh (Patherkandi) where people from Cachar, Sylhet and Tripura assembled at Gokila Srimandop. It was a historic day as the Nikhil Bishnupriya Manipuri Mahasabha (Mahasabha in short) came into existence on that very day.
Although the name was proposed in the second session; the date and year was kept in retrospect to the first meeting held on September 25, 1932.
On the last day of the meeting, a resolution incorporated with following proposals was initiated by educationist Tanu Babu Sinha, advocate Kirti Chandra, Historian Mahendra Kumar Sinha and others: 
• Welcomed the Government recognition of Bishnupriya Manipuri community as high caste Hindu. 
• Inclusion of a member from the backward community to Assam legislative Council. 
• Youth Committees to be formed especially in Bishnupriya Manipuri villages.
• Permission to worship in Gobinda Mandir at Ningthoukhong, Manipur.
• Job opportunities should be given to Bishnupriya Manipuri living in Manipur.
• There should be English School in Bishnupriya Manipuri populated areas in Manipur, for this the King of Manipur and the political agent should be approached.
• A fixed contribution for Sri Sri Radhamadhavjiu Mandir Seva Puja should be collected from Bishnupriya Manipuri people.
It is to mention here that the Meitei Manipuris again kept themselves away from this conference.
To defuse the charged atmosphere in the areas where both the communities were living, a meeting was held in Imphal on November 19, 1933. The meeting acknowledged and appealed to both the communities to maintain peace and harmony. However, Falguni Sinhga was entrusted to take measures to maintain the unity among Bishnupriya Manipuris and Meiteis Manipuris.
The next meeting was held at Shantipur Mandop on February 14 and 15 at Narsingpur (Baramuni), Cachar, Assam. The Gaddishwar of Ghaghrapaar, Rajyeshwar Mukherjee chaired the meeting of Biraat Sabha.
The meeting comes out with the following decisions:
• Mahendra Kumar Sinha would compile a history of Bihsnupriya Manipuri
• A group of people would work for the recognition of Bishnupriya Manipuri language
• A discussion on Radhamadhavjiu Seva Puja was also held in that meeting.

1937: 

The 9th session was held at Dharmanagar, Tripura.

1938: 

The 10th session was held at Bhakatpur on December 26 and 27 in 1938, where the freedom fighters Arun Kumar Chanda and Jnanadananda Chakrabarty (from Murshidabad) were also present in that meeting. Gokulananda Gitiswami sang the Jagorani songs in Bishnupriya Manipuri.

1939:

In 1939 the Mahasabha session was held at Bhanugachh in Sylhet district and in the same year World War II broke out.

1947: 

India got Independence in1947.
Some parganas like Bhanugachh, Parua, Chandipur got separated from India and joined East Pakistan in the district of Sylhet however other parganas like Patherkandi, Dullabchhera and Badarpur remained in Cachar district in Assam.

1950: 

After independence Mahasabha again resumed its activities. In these years, the body gave much emphasis on the language.

1955: 

The session held in this year, it was proposed that Mahasabha would place its demand to Assam and Tripura Governments regarding education of children in ‘Imaar thaar’, in primary stages.
The Sahitya Parishad, Sanskriti Parishad, Arthanaitik Parishad and Bhasha Parishad came into existence.

1960: 

On July 2, there was an emergency meeting at Silchar to urge Government to incorporate a separate census of Meitei Manipuri as well as Bishnupriya Manipuri in the Linguistic Census.
A delegation comprising Samarendra Sinha, President Mahasabha, Madan Mohan Mukhopadhyaya, Joint Secretary Sahitya Parishad, went to meet Chief Minister of Assam, to submit memorandum on primary education with mother tongue, the Bishnupriya Manipuri.
The Chief Minister accepted the memorandum and assured them that he would look into the matter.

1963:

In 1963 a letter (CMS/18/63 dated 25-7-63) was received by Sri Gopinath Sinha, where it was mentioned that matter was under the Education Department. Unfortunately nothing came out concrete even after one year. From July 2, 1964 Bhasha Daabi Saptah got started.
The Government came up with a letter (CHS 162/64 dt.28th July `64) that the matter was under political consideration.

1965:

In 1965, from 02 – 12 July, there was a ‘Gono Andolan’ in the Bishnupriya
Manipuri populated areas as well as in the district Head Quarter Silchar. A letter (No. 17/1/65/150 dt.12th July 65) was sent by Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, but no action was taken by the Government of Assam. With no positive response from the Government an agitation was started.

1971:

In 1971 census, the code structure was not given to Bishnupriya Manipuris as a result on December 13 – 15, 1972 there was a hunger strike for 48 hours in front of D.C. Office. The then President of Jana Sangh, Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee sat with them and assured the strikers that he would do the needful.
The Deputy Secondary Education, letter (no.EMI/117/69/158 dt.12th Jan 1973) stated that the Speaker of Manipur Vidhan Sabha, objected to the using the word ‘Manipuri’ in the Bishnupriya, either as prefix or suffix. A reply was given by the Mahasabha Secretary (vide letter no.NBMM/Cor/1/73/80 dt.19thFeb 1973) that Speaker of Manipur had no right to interfere in our constitutional birth right.

1975:

The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (vide its letter no.13/5/73-B/8 dated April 29, 1975) sanctioned a slot of 45 minutes to Manipuri programme in Radio, out of which 30 minutes are for Meitei Manipuris and the rest for Bishnupriya Manipuri.
As the word ‘Manipuri’ was not suffixed with Bishnupriya, Mahasabha did not participate in Akashvani program.

1977:

In 1977 Government agreed to enroll 25 Bishnupriya teachers but Mahasabha rejected it for the same reason stated above.

1980:

A Bishnupriya Manipuri seven point Demand Action Committee was formed. There were demonstrations and hunger strikes by NBMSU in front of D.C. Office. The Government of India granted the Code structure (vide letter No. 9/27/78-CD (CEN) dated August 22, 1980) as Bishnupriya Manipuri.

1983: 

People were overwhelmed at this development, the then Chief Minister of Assam, Hiteshwar Saikia also declared in cabinet meeting on October 26, 1983 that the next academic year the language would be started in the primary schools. And on November 14, in the same year it was notified in the Gazette. The Government of Manipur had strongly objected to it. The order was later stayed.

1984:

In 1984 a delegation met Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in Delhi with fact-finding
Booklet ‘Let History and Facts Speak about Manipuris’. The delegation was comprised of Jagat Mohan Sinha, Manoranjan Sinha, Kusadwaj Sinha, and Bhimsen Sinha.

1989:

The then Chief Minister of Assam, Prafulla Kumar Mahanta vacated the order on July 21, 1989; but with objection raised from Manipur Government, the order had to be withdrawn again on September 9 in the same year.

1991:

On November 27, the then Chief Minister of Assam, Hiteshwar Saikia was given a warm reception at Patharkandi, where Saikia said that if Tripura Government agree to start the language, he would not mind starting it in his state; even though there was an objection from Government of Manipur but nothing came out later.

1995:

Again a conference was organized at Patharkandi, Assam, called “Mundamala Mahamel”, supported by NBMM on February 11-13, 1995. It is said there were over 30000-40000 people gathered in that meeting. The then Speaker of Tripura, Bimal Sinha was the person behind the famous Mundamala Mahamel. People still remember him.
On May 23, 1995 the Tripura Government started Bishnupriya Manipuri language in primary schools. The then Chief Minister Dasharath Debabarman was very much appreciated by Mahasabha.
And in Assam the Chief Minister was again approached and reminded of his earlier promise of starting the language. No action was taken by the Assam Government.
On December 30, 1995 there was a road-block on National Highway for 12 hrs in which students were heavily injured by Police lathi charge. One Salil Sinha succumbed to this injury.

1996:

Subsequently a rail ruko andolan was initiated on March 16, 1996 at Bilbari, Patharkandi, in which Sudeshna Sinha lost her life in police firing and another 9 youths also got injured seriously.
On August 11, 1996, a meeting was held in the Community Hall of Sri Sri Bhubaneshwar Sadhu Thakur Sevashram, Tarapur to chalk out a program jointly with like minded bodies for future course of action to maintain unity among all Bishnupriya Manipuris while fighting the court cases in Assam High Court.

1998:

In 1998, December 9 at the call of Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, the then Chief Minister of Assam, Sri Manaranjan Sinha, President NBMM, General Secretary Sri
Kushadhwaj Sinha, and the present Working President of NBMM Sri sunder Mukherjee and others had a meeting at Dispur. In the meeting, Chief Minister requested the delegates to wait for the court hearing.

1999:

In 1999, there was a three-day session on 19, 20 and 21 February, in which Dr. Debendra Kumar Sinha was elected as President of NBMM. The elected Secretaries were
Sri Uday Sinha, Krishna Bhallab Sinha, Sunder Mukherjee and Sri Rajendra Kumar Sinha.
The new committee office-bearers began working on March 25 and on April 19 met with Assam Chief Minister. Chief Minister assured the visiting Mahasabha delegates that in due course of time the language would be started. 
Again on April 27 the delegates of Mahasabha held another meeting with Chief Minister and apprised him of the impending Government Notification which was later published in Gazette of Assam (Part II, page 338) on July 7, 1999. 
On April 5, 2000, Education Minister, Education Commissioner and
Director SCERT, Assam, Director of Elementary Education, Assam, were all present in a meeting with Mahasabha and decided that the language would be started in primary schools very soon.

2000:

On May 5 2000, Dr. Debendra Kumar Sinha, President of NBMM, along with his colleagues Sri Jogendra Kumar Sinha, Sri Barun Kumar Sinha, Sri Uday Sinha and others met with the Chief Minister, Sri Prafulla Kumar Mahanta at Circuit House in Silchar to apprise him of the plight of the Bishnupriya Manipuri community.
Mahanta assured the delegation that he would look in to the matter. There were meetings after meeting but no concrete steps were being taken to implement the language.
Finally, the Education Department (vide letter No.E- 154/95/Pt- Dt. Dispur July 4, 2000) asked Mahasabha to arrange for the text book publication as Government had no fund. And again (vide letter No. E-154/95/P-V/30 A dt.Dispur May 31) the Government granted only the “language” status and not the “medium of instruction”.
Mahasabha`s Working Committee in its meeting on November 19, 2000 welcomed the Government move to go ahead with the printing of the text books.
On December 18, 2000, a draft copy of “Kanak Path” was recommended by Government for publication. The job of publication of “Kanak Path” was entrusted to Sri Biresh
Ranjan Sinha, Debajyoti Sinha, the working president and the vice president respectively of NBMM Guwahati Regional Committee. They completed the job brilliantly and submitted the book (Kanak Path) to Commissioner, Education, Director, Elementary Education and Director, SCERT (vide letter no.NBMM-3/corr/2K/144 dt 02 /01/2001).

2001:

On receiving the book, the Deputy Director, Elementary Education (vide his letter no. ELM/10/89/150 dt.07/02/2001) issued directive to the 52 L.P. Schools of Barak Valley to implement the language.
Ultimately, the Kanak Path was launched by D.I of schools on February 9, 2001 at village Singari, near Silchar in a simple ceremony.

2002:

The 41st session of NBMM was held on 8, 9 and 10 March 2002 at Kalain, Bikrampur under the Presidentship of Dr. Debendra Sinha. Mahasabha congratulated the audience and expressed gratitude towards the Assam Government for the implementation of Imaar thaar in primary schools. In that meeting Dr. Debendra Kumar Sinha was re-elected as President of NBMM and Sri Uday Sinha as General Secretary.

2005:

The 42nd session was held on 18, 19 and 20 February 2005 in the village Unam, Patherkandi, Karimganj. The Mahasabha again urged him to lead the committee for another term. Dr Sinha agreed to continue and took in his team: Sri Gapinath Sinha, Sri Chanrakanta Sinha, Sri Sunder Mukherjee (Tripura), Sri Padmasen Sinha (Bangladesh) Sri Rebati Mohan Sinha (Mumbai) as Working Presidents and Uday Sinha as Secretary General of NBMM.
The 43rd session is going to be held at Kailashahar, North Tripura on 13, 14 and 15 February 2009.

Please subscribe to the blog: receive email. Get Free alert on your mobile! Click here.